How Mysore rose during the British reign in India. Mention the names of famous mysore rulers.

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Title: The Rise of Mysore during the British Reign in India: An Insight for UPSC Aspirants

India, a country that prides itself for its varied and eventful history, has seen many great kingdoms rise and fall. One such kingdom that stood the test of time, displaying resilience and grandeur, is Mysore. Known for its opulence and cultural significance, Mysore’s prominence rose to great heights during the British reign in India. Thanks to the astute leadership of its rulers, the kingdom thrived even as India was struggling under British Rule.

For all the UPSC aspirants out there, delving into Mysore’s history can be an insightful journey. It offers a rich case study in India’s colonial past, and a nuanced understanding of Mysore’s rise can be instrumental towards preparing for the history segment of the UPSC exam.

Mysore’s influence began under the rule of Hyder Ali and later his son, Tipu Sultan, famously known as the ‘Tiger of Mysore’. These rulers played a crucial part in establishing Mysore as one of the prominent kingdoms in southern India, even as European colonial powers were slowly influencing the region.

Hyder Ali, a military officer who rose to the rank of the Sultan of Mysore in 1761, had a significant role in building military strength. He focused on modernisation, utilising French military tactics and technologies to fortify Mysore’s defenses, and fought four wars (Anglo-Mysore Wars) against the British East India Company, challenging their effort for colonization.

Following Hyder Ali, his son, Tipu Sultan, ascended the throne in 1782. Known for his valor and progressive tactics, Tipu Sultan envisioned a modern state. He vastly improved infrastructure, including roads and public buildings, and brought in many economic reforms. An early proponent of rocket artillery, his resistance against the British is renowned.

However, Mysore fell to the British in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore set of wars with the death of Tipu Sultan in 1799. Post this event, the British declared Krishnaraja Wadiyar III, a teenage descendant from the previous ruling Wadiyar dynasty, as the maharaja of Mysore, thereby bringing the kingdom under their subsidiary alliance system.

Remarkably Mysore thrived under British indirect rule. This can be attributed mainly to the progressive reign of the Wadiyar Dynasty, particularly Maharajas Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV and Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar. Under their rule, Mysore saw economic and social reforms, modernisation efforts, and the establishment of multiple public institutions. Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV, often hailed as the philosopher-king, implemented policies towards making education, healthcare and public infrastructure accessible to his subjects. From establishing the University of Mysore to building the Krishnarajasagara Dam, his reign saw significant developments that helped Mysore flourish.

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar, the last ruling Maharaja of the Kingdom, continued his forefathers’ progressive reign. He was a known patron of arts and music, and his tenure witnessed the cultural flourishing of Mysore, crafting it into the cultural capital of Karnataka.

Armed with these insights into Mysore’s history during the British reign in India, UPSC aspirants can better understand the complex nuances of India’s colonial past. This understanding, when inculcated with other relevant historical facts, can serve as a holistic guide to ace the history segment of the UPSC exams.

To conclude, Mysore’s rise during the British reign is an inspiring tale of resilience, progress and vision. The legendary saga of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan’s valiant stand against the British, followed by the progressive reign of the Wadiyar Dynasty, weave a captivating historical narrative, valuable for every UPSC aspirant.

Prince Luthra (UPSC CSE AIR 577)

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