What were the reasons that British could establish their empire in India

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Title: How the British Could Establish Their Empire in India – Pointers for UPSC Aspirants

As aspirants preparing for the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exams, understanding the history of our great nation, especially the period of the British rule, is crucial. Your comprehension of this historical era aids in understanding the events that took place and the reasons for the evolution of current India. One of the intriguing aspects to grasp is how the British could establish their Empire in India. This article will provide key pointers on the subject for better clarity.

**Pointer 1: Exploitation of Political Fragmentation**

The main factor facilitating the British invasion was the political fragmentation of India. The decentralization and frequent territorial disputes among the various kingdoms and princely states made India an accessible target. The British cleverly exploited this lack of political unity to establish their foothold.

**Pointer 2: Superior Military Tactics**

The British militaristic approach was emblematic of their superiority with advanced warfare technology and better strategic planning. The possession of modern weaponry enabled them to win decisive battles against the less-equipped native forces, thereby escalating their dominance over various regions.

**Pointer 3: Diplomatic Alliances and Manipulation**

To consolidate their rule, the British employed diplomatic strategies. They established alliances with local rulers either through manipulation or coercion. The Doctrine of Lapse and Subsidiary Alliances are prime examples of British strategies that allowed them to exert control over several princely states.

**Pointer 4: Use of Trade Monopolies**

British entry into India was through the East India Company, primarily a trading organization. They used their trade monopoly to drain India’s economic resources, making India economically dependent on them. This economic hold eventually converted into political power.

**Pointer 5: Divide and Rule Policy**

One of the core strategies used by the British was the ‘Divide and Rule’ policy. They escalated sectarian divisions between different religious and linguistic groups, thus fracturing Indian society and preventing unified resistance against them.

**Pointer 6: Appeal to Indian Elites**

To strengthen their hold, the British tactfully cultivated the allegiance of the Indian elite. They offered them high positions in the administrative and judicial systems which led to further centralization of power.

**Pointer 7: Introduction of Infrastructure and Reforms**

Despite their exploitative rule, the British introduced infrastructure development and certain reforms in education, legal structure, and administration which appealed to some sections of society. This, in a way, helped them legitimize their rule.

Understanding these reasons helps us comprehend how the British Empire was established in India. As UPSC aspirants, it gives you insights into the strategic, political, economic, and societal factors that facilitated foreign rule over our country. More importantly, it underlines the importance of unity, effective leadership, and self-reliance for the well-being and progress of a nation.

The lessons from this historical event should also act as a guiding light, urging us to promote unity, peace, and stability in our contemporary society and steer our nation towards prosperity and progress.

Prince Luthra (UPSC CSE AIR 577)

Hello Aspirants, I am Prince Luthra (AIR 577) from UPSC 2014 batch. I started the UPSC preparation way back in 2010. I was giving my time, effort, and energy. I was pretty sure to pass the exam in 1st attempt but I could not. After the failure, I asked myself why could not I clear prelims? After a lot of analysis, I figured out that I was reading the books toppers told me to; Nevertheless, in the prelims exam, I was making mistakes in MCQs. I started attempting MCQs for preparation. This strategy worked since when an MCQ is asked then your brain stimulates and starts searching for answers. Our MCQs series capitalize upon this concept and hence we provide you Spectrum MCQ series and Laxmikanth MCQ series so that you score 90-95% in History and Polity MCQs which will take your marks above cut off be it UPSC, PSC, EPFO or any other exam. This strategy helped me clearing Prelims of UPSC and UPPCS, I am certain that it will help you too. All the best! Prince Luthra (AIR 577)

You may also like...