Give Various names of Mughal emporerors and the work they did in india?

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Title: Mughal Emperors and their Contributions to India: A Guide for UPSC Aspirants

India, the land of diversity and history, stands tall as one of the richest countries in terms of culture and heritage. The tapestry of Indian history is beautifully woven by the deeds and feats of various rulers, dynasties, and empires that have ruled its terrain at different intervals. One of the most prominent among them was the Mughal Empire. For UPSC aspirants seeking comprehensive insights into the reign of Mughal emperors and their notable contributions, here’s a curated guide.

1. Babur (1526 – 1530 AD): The founder of the Mughal Empire, Babur, laid the foundation of Mughal reign in India after emerging victorious in the first Battle of Panipat. Babur’s reign was characterized by cultural exchanges and the introduction of new art, cuisine, and architectural style. He wrote the famous autobiography, Babur-nama which provides first-hand insights into his life.

2. Humayun (1530 – 1540 and 1555 – 1556 AD): The son of Babur, Humayun attempted to modernize the administrative system but his reign was filled with political instability, largely due to the threat posed by Sher Shah Suri. However, he made significant contributions in terms of architecture; the most notable being the Dinpanah at Delhi.

3. Akbar (1556-1605 AD): Often remembered as a tolerant and wise ruler, Akbar’s reign is epitomized by societal and cultural growth. He laid the foundation for a centralized system of administration and introduced the Mansabdari system. His tolerance to religion resulted in the creation of Din-e-Ilahi.

4. Jahangir (1605 – 1627 AD): Known for his love of art, Jahangir’s reign saw Mughal painting and architecture touch new heights. He built the famous Shalimar and Nishat Gardens in Srinagar.

5. Shah Jahan (1628 – 1658 AD): Shah Jahan’s rule is known as the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire. Architecturally, his reign endowed India with treasures like the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid, and the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi.

6. Aurangzeb (1658 – 1707 AD): Extending the Mughal Empire to its maximum extent, Aurangzeb symbolized power and military strategy. However, his socio-religious policies were more orthodox which made him controversial. He built the famous Badshahi Mosque and the Bibi ka Maqbara.

Understanding the reign of these Mughal emperors and their work in India does not only enrich your historical knowledge but also helps you shape a broad perspective for the UPSC examination. It allows you to appreciate the cultural and administrative changes brought about during their reign and how their legacy still influences modern India. Remember, the key to mastering history for UPSC lies not in rote learning but in insightful understanding.

Every emperor brought something new to the table – be it administrative structure, architecture, literature or the like, each contributing to the rich and diverse history of India. As you embark on your journey of preparing for the UPSC exam, ensure that you delve deep into these dimensions of history to successfully wade through the historical section of the exam.

Prince Luthra (UPSC CSE AIR 577)

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