What were the major battles fought by prithviraj chauhan against the ghurid empire

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Prithviraj Chauhan, the ruler of the Chauhan dynasty, fought two major battles against the Ghurid Empire led by Muhammad Ghori. These battles were pivotal in the history of medieval India and marked significant turning points in the power dynamics of the region. Here is a detailed analysis of these battles:

1. First Battle of Tarain (1191)geeksforgeeks.org

  • Date: March 12, 1191
  • Location: Tarain (modern-day Taraori, Haryana)
  • Combatants: Prithviraj Chauhan’s Rajput forces vs. Muhammad Ghori’s Ghurid army
  • Outcome: Victory for Prithviraj Chauhan


Muhammad Ghori, aiming to expand his empire into northern India, captured the fortress of Bathinda, which was on the northwestern frontier of Prithviraj Chauhan’s kingdom. In response, Prithviraj Chauhan assembled a confederacy of Rajput kings to counter the Ghurid invasion.


  • The battle began with the Ghurid archers attacking the Rajput forces.
  • Prithviraj Chauhan’s forces, led by his vassal prince Govind Tai, launched a counter-attack, surprising the Ghurids with their preference for close combat.
  • Muhammad Ghori was wounded in personal combat with Govind Tai, leading to the retreat of the Ghurid forces.


  • Prithviraj Chauhan’s victory in the First Battle of Tarain was significant, as it halted the Ghurid advance into northern India.
  • Ghori was forced to retreat to Afghanistan, where he regrouped and prepared for a subsequent invasion.

2. Second Battle of Tarain (1192)

  • Date: November 17, 1192
  • Location: Tarain (modern-day Taraori, Haryana)
  • Combatants: Prithviraj Chauhan’s Rajput forces vs. Muhammad Ghori’s Ghurid army
  • Outcome: Victory for Muhammad Ghori


After his defeat in the First Battle of Tarain, Muhammad Ghori returned to Ghazni, where he rebuilt his forces and prepared for another campaign against Prithviraj Chauhan. Ghori’s army was significantly larger and better prepared for the second encounter.


  • Ghori employed a strategy of deception and tactical maneuvering. He divided his army into five units, with four units attacking the Rajput flanks and rear.
  • The Ghurid forces feigned retreat, luring the Rajput forces into a trap. When the Rajputs charged, the Ghurids launched a fresh cavalry attack, overwhelming the Rajput forces.
  • The Rajput army, caught off guard and exhausted, was unable to withstand the Ghurid assault.


  • Prithviraj Chauhan was captured and later executed by Muhammad Ghori. Some sources suggest he was taken to Ajmer and initially reinstated as a vassal before rebelling and being killed for treason.
  • The defeat at the Second Battle of Tarain marked the end of the Chauhan dynasty’s dominance and opened northern India to further invasions and eventual Muslim rule.
  • The Ghurid victory led to the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, with Qutb-ud-din Aibak, Ghori’s general, becoming the first Sultan of Delhi.


  • The battles of Tarain were crucial in the history of medieval India, marking the transition from Rajput to Muslim dominance in northern India.
  • Prithviraj Chauhan’s resistance against the Ghurid invasions is celebrated in Indian folklore and literature, symbolizing the valor and bravery of the Rajput warriors.
  • The establishment of the Delhi Sultanate following the Ghurid victory laid the foundation for subsequent Muslim rule in India, which lasted for several centuries.

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