World Hepatitis Day | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS |

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World Hepatitis Day: Current Affairs 

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World Hepatitis Day

Relevance: Science and technology.

Context: World Hepatitis Day was commemorated to increase the awareness of viral hepatitis.

About news:

  • Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can cause a series of health problems often leading to death.
  • The theme of World Hepatitis Day 2020 is “Hepatitis can’t wait”, conveying the urgency of efforts needed to eliminate hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.

Hepatitis:

  • It disturbs various metabolic processes such as bile production, excretion, fat and protein metabolism, activation of enzymes, and synthesis of proteins.
  • It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.

Causes:

  • Usually caused by a group of viruses known as the “hepatotropic” (liver-directed) viruses, including A, B, C, D, and E viruses.
  • Other viruses may also cause it, such as the varicella virus that causes chickenpox. SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing Covid-19 may injure the liver, too.
  • Other causes include drug and alcohol abuse, fat buildup in the liver (fatty liver hepatitis), or autoimmune hepatitis.

Types of Viral Hepatitis:

  • Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become ongoing and chronic..
  • Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.
Hepatitis AHepatitis BHepatitis CHepatitis DHepatitis E
It is acute, and in the majority of cases, symptoms in young people are not recognized.

 

 

 

It is spread by flattened wounds, contact with blood, saliva, and infectious body fluids.

 

 

Transmitted through infected needles, at the time of birth, through an infected person’s body fluids, and Sexually.Severe liver diseases are caused by the virus Hepatitis D (HDV). It spreads from infected blood or wound. Sometimes it might occur with Hepatitis B.Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). It might be circulated through food, water, and contaminated blood.

 

Vomiting, nausea, fever, severe abdominal pain, jaundice, and weakness are some of the symptoms.Abdominal pain, fatigue, and jaundice are all symptoms of hepatitis B. Symptoms do not manifest themselves for one to six months.

 

Loss of appetite, tiredness, frequent fever, yellowing of the skin or eyes, joint pain, abnormalities in urine.Hepatitis D is a rare form of hepatitis that only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus can’t multiply without the presence of hepatitis B.Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas with poor sanitation and typically results from ingesting fecal matter that contaminates the water supply. It could be either acute or chronic.
The hepatitis A vaccine aids in disease prevention.Hepatitis B Vaccine could be done for both adults and children.It cannot be transmitted through food or water.No vaccine.No vaccine.For Hepatitis E, a promising vaccine is in the works.

Different strains of hepatitis:

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