World AIDS Day to end HIV/AIDS by 2030| UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
World AIDS Day to end HIV/AIDS by 2030
Why in News?
The World AIDS Day is observed on 1st December every year all over the world.
- Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first ever global health day.
The main motto behind celebrating the day is to raise public awareness about AIDS.
- Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is a pandemic disease caused due to the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes damage to the immune system.
- The theme of World AIDS Day 2020 is ‘Ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic: resilience and impact.’
- The method to achieve this by 2030 is to ensure life-saving anti-retroviral therapy reaches all those who are infected and that all persons living with HIV know their status.
- Also the aim is to ensure that those on ART are viral suppressed so that infection is negligible. The aim is to make U=U or undetectable = Untransmittable a reality.
- Experts treating HIV/AIDS are worried that the COVID-19 pandemic has delayed the World Health Organisation’s target to improve the life of people living with HIV (PLHIV).
- The target date to ensure that 90% of the PLHIV are reached by 2020 has been delayed.
- The aim of the WHO, to which India is a signatory, was to ensure that 90% of PLHIV know their status, 90% of them are on life-saving anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and 90% of those on ART are virally suppressed, before the end of 2020. By 2030, it aimed to make accessible ART to every PLHIV, which in turn reduces the viral load in their blood to undetectable levels. This would result in making negligible their risk of transmitting the HIV.
- India adopted the test and treat strategy of the WHO as a national policy to achieve the target of 90:90:90 by 2020.
- The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) is a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies.
- The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has implemented the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 (HIV/AIDS Act, 2017) to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS and creates mechanisms for redressing the complaints of persons infected with HIV and AIDS.
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