UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution

UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution

To score good marks in the UPSC Examination candidate have to solve at least ten Previous Year Question Paper. Here we provide you UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution.

Aspirants Also Check:

UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution:

Candidates can check UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution for better preparation.

UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution


UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Indian Polity and Constitution From 2005 to 2020:

Topic: Indian Constitution – History, Evolution and Making of Constitution

2018

  1. India and USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

2008

  1. Do you think there is a need for a review of the Indian Constitution? Justify your view.

2007

  1. What is the Constitution? What are the main sources of the Indian Constitution?

Topic: Indian Constitution – Salient Features, Preamble, Fundamental Rights, DPSP, Duties, special provisions related to some states

2017

  1. Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in the light of the latest judgement of the Supreme Court on Right to Privacy.

2016

  1. To what extent is Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, bearing marginal note “Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir”, temporary? Discuss the future prospects of this provision in the context of Indian polity.
  2. Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the preamble. Are they defendable in the present circumstances stances?

2015

  1. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizens a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  2. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard.

2014

  1. What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss.

2013

  1. Discuss -Section 66A of IT Act, with reference to its alleged violation of Article 19 of the Constitution.
  2. Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution.

2011

  1. Essentially all that is contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life. Critically examine this statement.

2008

  1. Enumerate the fundamental duties incorporated in the Constitution after the 42nd amendment.

2007

  1. Bring out the differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy.Discuss some of the measures taken by the Union and State Governments for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State Policy.

2006

  1. What is right to life and personal liberty? How have the courts expanded its meaning in recent years?

2005

  1. Give your views on the right to freedom of religions as enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Do they make India a secular State?
  2. What are the constitutional limitations on the free movements of Indians throughout the country?

Topic: Indian Constitution – Important and Latest Amendments, Basic Structure

2017

  1. Explain the salient features of the Constitution(One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016. Do you think it is efficacious enough ‘to remove cascading effect of taxes and provide for common national market for goods and services’?

2015

  1. “If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Act, 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no one left to protect.” Critically evaluate.

2006

  1. How would you differentiate between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and of an Ordinary Legislative Bill?

Topic: Federalism, Issues of States and UT, Emergency Provisions

2018

  1. Under what circumstances can the Financial Emergency be proclaimed by the President of India? What consequences follow when such a declaration remains in force?
  2. Whether the Supreme Court Judgement (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt. Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine.

2016

  1. Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics?
  2. Did the Government of India Act, 1935 lay down a federal constitution? Discuss.

2015

  1. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.

2014

  1. Though the federal principal is dominant in our constitution and that principle is one of its basic features, but it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism. Discuss.

2013

  1. Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.

2010

  1. “Disputes between the riparian states on sharing of river waters in post-Independence India are becoming increasingly complex.” Objectively analyze the major disputes in this connection, with special reference to the Southern states.

2008

  1. Discuss the major extra-constitutional factors influencing the federal polity in India.
  2. Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of India polity.

2005

  1. Comment on the financial relation between the Union and the States in India. Has post1991 liberalization in any way affected it?

Topic: Separation of Powers and Issues

2013

  1. ‘The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution.’ Discuss critically.

2015

  1. Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of powers doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate ordinances, analyze whether the decisions of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate ordinances be repealed?

2007

  1. Impact of globalization on state system and its institutions.

Topic: Executive, Pressure Groups

2017

  1. How do pressure groups influence Indian political process? Do you agree with this view that informal pressure groups have emerged as powerful than formal pressure groups in recent years?

2013

  1. Pressure group politics is sometimes seen as the informal face of politics. With regards to the above, assess the structure and functioning of pressure groups in India.

2009

  1. Pressure group are an anonymous empire and are an unofficial Government. Do you agree with above statement? Substantiate with reasons?

2008

  1. Pressure groups and political parties share an intimate and inconclusive relationship. They work closely and are not the same. Analyse how political parties and pressure groups are different from each other?

2006

  1. Pressure groups mushroomed in India but quality of work did not improve. Discuss the reasons for the rise in pressure groups and their failure to make impact in India.

Topic: Judiciary

2018

  1. How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India.

2017

  1. Critically examine the Supreme Court’s judgement on ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014’ with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India.

2016

  1. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?

2015

  1. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 through the recent Ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? Discuss.

2014

  1. Starting from inventing the basic structure doctrine, the judiciary has played a highly proactive role in ensuring that India develops into a thriving democracy. In light of the statement, evaluate the role played by judicial activism in achieving the ideals of democracy.

2008

  1. What is meant by Judicial Activism? Evaluate its role in the context of the functioning of Indian Polity.

2006

  1. Is the High Courts’ power to issue ‘writs’ wider than that of the Supreme Court of India?

2005

  1. Is it possible to distinguish between judicial review and judicial activism in India? Does the recent behaviour of the Indian judiciary partake more of judicial activism? Argue with suitable example.

Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures

2018

  1. Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee.

2017

  1. Discuss the role of Public Accounts Committee in establishing accountability of the government to the people.
  2. The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding joint session of the two houses of the Parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with reasons thereof.

2014

  1. The ‘Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its members’ as envisaged in Article 105 of the Constitution leave room for a large number of un-codified and unenumerated privileges to continue’. Assess the reasons for the absence of the legal codification of the parliamentary privileges. How can this problem be addressed?
  2. Instances of President’s delay in commuting death sentences has come under public debate as denial of justice. Should there be a time limit specified for the President to accept/reject such petitions? Analyse.
  3. The size of the cabinet should be as big as governmental work justifies and as big as the Prime Minister can manage as a team. How far is the efficacy of a government then inversely related to the size of the cabinet? Discuss.

2013

  1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law which was legislated but with a different intention?

2011

  1. The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations. Analyze this statement in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India.

2010

  1. What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament from either House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer.

2007

  1. What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers?
  2. What is pro tem Speaker?
  3. Under what circumstances, Parliament may legislate on State subjects? 150 10 2006 On What grounds can a member be disqualified from either House of Parliament?

Topic: Constitutional, Statutory, Executive, Regulatory, Quasi-Judicial Bodies

2018

  1. Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine.
  2. “The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise.
  3. How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss.

2017

  1. To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful?
  2. Is the National Commission for Women able to strategize and tackle the problems that women face at both public and private spheres? Give reasons in support of your answer.

2016

  1. Exercise of CAC’s powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and the States is derived from Article 149 of the Indian Constitution. Discuss whether audit of the Government’s Policy implementation could amount to overstepping its own (CAG) jurisdiction.
  2. What is a quasi-judicial body? Explain with the help of concrete examples.

2015

  1. “For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institutions remain independent and autonomous.” Discuss in the light of the experiences in recent past.

2014

  1. The setting up of a Rail Tariff Authority to regulate fares will subject the cash strapped Indian Railways to demand subsidy for obligation to operate non-profitable routes and services. Taking into account the experience in the power sector, discuss if the proposed reform is expected to benefit the consumers, the Indian Railways or the private container operators.
  2. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards.

2013

  1. Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances.

2008

  1. Discuss the composition and functions of Union Public Service Commission.

2006

  1. How does the Inter- State Council establish co-ordination between States?

2005

  1. What are the steps that the Election Commission may take if a recalcitrant State Government wants to put off Assembly Elections?

Topic: Elections, Representation of Peoples Act

2018

  1. In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India?

2017

  1. ‘Simultaneous election to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies will limit the amount of time and money spent in electioneering but it will reduce the government’s accountability to the people’ Discuss.

2008

  1. Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics.

2007

  1. What are the Main determination of voting behaviour in India?

Topic: Panchayats, Municipalities, PESA Act

2018

  1. Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects?

2017

  1. “The local self-government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”. Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation

2015

  1. In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government system, `Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.
  2. KhapPanchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra-constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human rights violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and the judiciary to set the things right in this regard.

2005

  1. Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity?

 




Crack UPSC exam in 200 days


MONTHLY  MCQ PRACTICE BOOKS (ENGLISH)


MONTHLY  MCQ PRACTICE BOOKS (HINDI)


Daily Current Affairs


CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ


INDIAN POLITY MCQ


You may also like...

Leave a Reply

 

Terms and conditions  |  Privacy policy  |  Refund Policy           

error: Content is protected !!
MENU
NETMOCK