UPSC Current – Tobacco control: Voluntary groups seek focus on health by civic bodies
Tobacco control: Voluntary groups seek focus on health by civic bodies
Why in news:
- Recently Voluntary groups working for tobacco control in Rajasthan have sought a renewed focus on public health by the civic bodies through a licensing mechanism for retail sellers.
- Voluntary group demanded that to achieve the objective of ‘Nirogi Rajasthan’ measure should take to control tobacco for improving health.
- Activists have been pressing for enforcement of a vendor licensing system with the framing of rules under the Cigarette and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003.
Why this is hard to regulate tobacco vendor?
- If regulation is made to tobacco vendor then the unaccounted sale of tobacco products worth lakhs of rupees through unauthorised vendors was causing a heavy revenue loss to the exchequer.
- as an estimated 2.50 lakh vendors can generate a revenue between ₹50 crore and ₹100 crore, in rajasthan.
Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003: Replaced the Cigarettes Act of 1975 (largely limited to statutory warnings- ‘Cigarette Smoking is Injurious to Health’ to be displayed on cigarette packs and advertisements. It did not include non-cigarettes). The 2003 Act also included cigars, bidis, cheroots, pipe tobacco, hookah, chewing tobacco, pan masala, and gutka.
Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Amendment Rules, 2020:
- It was mandated that the specified health warning shall cover at least 85% of the principal display area of the package.
- In this, 60% shall cover pictorial health warning and 25% shall cover textual health warning.
- This shall be positioned on the top edge of the package and in the same direction as the information on the principal display area.