UPSC Current – ‘Shudh Ke Liye Yudh’ core team
‘Shudh Ke Liye Yudh’ core team
Why in News?
CM Ashok Gehlot has formed a core group for ‘Shudh Ke Liye Yudh’ campaign, which will be launched from October 26 to November 14. The core group will have senior officers at district level including the collector, who will inspect quality of milk, spices etc.
What is Adulteration?
Adulteration of food cheats the consumer and poses a serious risk to health. Adulterant means any material which is or could be employed for making the food unsafe or substandard or misbranded or containing extraneous matter. Adulterated food is dangerous because it may be toxic and can affect health and it could deprive nutrients essential for proper growth and development.
Adulterants can broadly be classified it into three categories:
Intentional Adulterants: The adulterants are added as a deliberate act with intention to increase profit. They add sand, marble, stones, mud, etc.
Incidental Adulterants: Adulterants are found in food due to negligence, ignorance or lack of proper facilities. It includes pesticide residues, droppings of rodents, etc.
Metallic Contaminants: When the metallic substances are added intentionally or accidentally such as Arsenic, Lead, etc.
Risks of Adulterated Food
Some companies adulterate food as a consequence of intentional actions, often designed to increase profitability or cut corners. Others end up adulterating food unintentionally because of lax standards and regulations. Either way, adulterated food costs the Indian economy around 1.17 lakh crore in 2017-18 and comes with some significant risks for human consumption:
Food Impurity – First, food may end up being “impure” or may contain ingredients it wasn’t intended to contain. This could be anything from residue of pesticides to metal or glass, or even a completely different substance.
Contamination – Adulterated food may have a higher likelihood of becoming contaminated at a later date, such as decomposing or becoming infected with bacteria.
Allergens – Mislabeled or misrepresented products may contain allergens that consumers aren’t aware of. If the wrong person consumes one of these products, they may suffer a severe allergic reaction.
Nutritional Needs – Adulterated food may also lead people to believe they’re getting nutritional needs when they aren’t. This is especially important for infants, children, and adolescents, who need adequate intake and sufficient vitamins and minerals for healthy growth.