UPSC Current – Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) 2020

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Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) 2020

Why in News:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will on Tuesday join the heads of state of China and Pakistan at the virtual summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which is expected to set the agenda for the body for the coming year.

Key point:

  • Russia is the current chair of SCO 2020. last year the meeting was held in Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)
  • first time that the annual meeting of the SCO heads of state is being held virtually
  • SCO Currently Comprises 8 members -Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • The heads of state of four observer countries – Iran, Afghanistan, Belarus and Mongolia – will join the meet
  • The SCO secretary-general and executive director of the SCO’s Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) will also address the gathering.

Background of SCO

  • It is a permanent intergovernmental international organization created in 2001.
  • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
  • Its headquarter is in shanghai, China
  • Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five. In 2001 it renamed to SCO
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017

Source: Hindustan Times




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