UPSC Current – Odisha’s Bonda tribe sees rise in ‘distress migration’

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Odisha’s Bonda tribe sees rise in ‘distress migration’

Why in News?

  • The Bondas, a particularly vulnerable tribal group, known for their secluded lives away from the mainstream.
  • However, the lack of access has not prevented young Bondas from being forced leave their pristine hamlets for low-paid jobs in distant towns of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and States even farther. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic appears to have quickened the ‘distress’ migration.
  • Bondas are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) found in Odisha.
  • There is a total of 75 PVTGs in India.
  • The Bondas have retained their identity and culture despite external interventions over the years.
  • Primarily forest dwellers, the Bondas used to hunt and forage for food in the wild.
  • Matriarchal society-The women prefer to marry men who are younger by at least 5-10 years, so that the men can earn for them when they grow old.
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