The Constitution Day | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS |
The Constitution Day: Current Affairs
The Constitution Day
Context: The Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November every year.
About The Constitution Day
- Also known as the ‘Samvidhan Divas,’ Constitution Day is observed every year to mark the adoption of the Constitution by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949.
- The day is also celebrated in memory of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, who was the first chairman of the drafting committee that drafted the Constitution of India.
- In 2015, the government at the Centre decided to declare November 26 as the Constitution Day. Notably, 2015 also marked the 125th birth anniversary of Dr Ambedkar.
- The Constituent Assembly, held its first session on December 9, 1946, attended by 207 members, including nine women. Initially, the assembly had 389 members, but after independence and the partition of India, the strength was reduced to 299.
- The assembly took over three years to draft the constitution, spending over 114 days considering the content of the draft alone.
About Drafting Committee
- The Drafting Committee had seven members: Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, N. Gopalaswami; B.R. Ambedkar, K.M Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla, B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan. At its first meeting on 30th August 1947, the Drafting Committee elected B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman.
- Their task was to prepare a Draft Constitution for India.
- Towards the end of October 1947, the Drafting Committee began to scrutinise the Draft Constitution prepared by B.N Rau, the Constitutional Advisor. It made various changes and submitted the Draft Constitution to the President of the Constituent Assembly on 21 February 1948.
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