Laxmi Devi Temple | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS |
Laxmi Devi Temple: Current Affairs
Laxmi Devi Temple
Relevance: Art and Culture
Context: An idol of Goddess Kali was found damaged at the historic Hoysala temple at Doddagaddavalli near Hassan.
About Laxmi Devi Temple
- Lakshmi Devi Temple is situated at Doddagaddavalli in Hassan It is a lesser-known temple and one of the earliest to be built in the Hoysala architectural style.
- Embedded in the walls of the courtyard are four small shrines placed at the four corners. Each is complete with a shikhara, a sukhanasi (vestibule), a kalasa on the shikhara and a Hoysala crest on the sukhanasi.
- According to legends, it was built by a merchant named Kullahana Rahuta and his wife Sahaja Devi in 1114 AD under the rule of Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana.
- The temple is a chatuskuta construction(4 shrines and tower). The towers are in Kadamba Nagara The mandapa is open and square. The reason for the square plan is the presence of shrines on all four sides of the mandapa.
- The Temple complex has two entrances. The one on the east makes its way through a porch while the one on the west opens to the lake. Unlike typical Hoysala temples, this one is not built on a platform. The plan of the temple is different as it has four shrines placed around a common centre.
History of the Hoysala Empire
- The Hoysala rulers began as local chieftains in the hills of Western Ghats. With time, their fortune began to prosper and within a few decades, they achieved the status of a powerful feudatory under Western Chalukyan Emperors.
- Early in the history of the Hoysala dynasty, the capital of their nascent dominion was shifted from the hills of Western Ghats to Belur.
- The military conquests of Vishnuvardhan (1108 CE – 1152 CE) against the neighbouring Chola Empire (c. 300 BCE – 1279 CE) in 1116 CE marks the first major development in the history of these dynasts.
Hoysala Architecture Features
- Hoysala architecture indicates the distinctive building style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire in the region known today as Karnataka, India, between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries.
- The temples have a star-shaped base with the main structure standing on a raised platform. There are three shrines structured around a central pillared hall, each with a tower.
- Pillars with horizontal mouldings, produced by a mechanical process. There are intricate grille windows, an abundance of sculptural details.
- The sikharas, unlike the northern style (parabolic) , are constructed in well-defined horizontal tiers.
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