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Khasi language in 8th schedule: Current Affairs
Khasi language in 8th schedule
Context: There have been demands from time to time for the inclusion of Khasi in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution.
Status of Khasi language:
- The Khasi language is classified as part of the Austroasiatic language The Khasi people are related to the Mon-Khmer people of Southeast Asia.
- Many of the words are similar to other Austroasiatic languages such as Palaung and Khmer languages.
- The Khasi people form the majority of the population of the eastern part of Meghalaya, and are the state’s largest community, with around 48% of the population of Meghalaya.
- The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India lists the official languages of the Republic of India.
- As per Articles 344(1) and 351 of the Indian Constitution, the eighth schedule includes the recognition of the following 22 languages.
- Article 29 of the Constitution provides that a section of citizens having a distinct language, script, or culture have the right to conserve the same.
What is the current situation?
- According to the 2001 Census, India has 30 languages that are spoken by more than a million people each.
- Additionally, it has 122 languages that are spoken by at least 10,000 people each. It also has 1,599 languages, most of which are dialects.
- Tulu language has recently been demanded to be included in the eighth timetable.
Eighth Schedule of the Constitution:
- It is a list of official languages recognized by the Constitution.
- It contains a list of 22 scheduled languages viz. Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Sindhi (added by 21st Amendment Act, 1967), Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali (added by 71st Amendment Act, 1992), Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santal (added by 92nd Amendment 2003).
- The list had originally 14 languages only but subsequently, through amendments 8 new languages were added.