Indian Polity MCQ Part-20 (laxmikanth Mcq’s)

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1) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct

1) In a unitary government regional government derives power from national government
2) In a federal government powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments by the Constitution
3) Indian Federal system is based on UK Model

a) Only 1
b) Only 1 and 2
c) All of the above
d) Only 2 and 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

  • a unitary government is one in which all the powers are vested in the national government and regional government derives power from national government
  • Indian model is based on Canadian model.

2) Which of the following country(s) is/are correct

1) China : Unitary Model
2) Italy : Unitary Model
3) Russia : Unitary Model
4) Argentina : Federal Model

a) Only 1, 3, 4
b) Only 2, 3, 4
c) Only 1, 3, 4
d) Only 1, 2, 4

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : D

  • Russia : Federal Model
  • Britain, France, Japan, China, Italy, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Spain and so on have the unitary model of government.
  • US, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and so on have the federal model of government.

3) Which of the following feature(s) is/are correct about Federal Government

1) Dual government
2) Unwritten Constitution
3) Bicameral Legislature

a) Only 3
b) Only 1 and 3
c) Only 2 and 3
d) Only 1 and 2

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Correct Answer is : B

Federal Features

  • Dual Government
  • Written constitution 
  • Division of powers
  • Supremacy of constitution
  • Rigid constitution
  • Independent judiciary
  • Bicameral legislature

4) Which of the following characteristic(s) is/are of Unitary government

1) Constitution may be written
2) No division of powers
3) Constitution must be supreme

a) Only 1 and 2
b) Only 1 and 3
c) Only 3
d) Only 2 and 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

  • Constitution may not be supreme
  1. Single government, that is, the national government which may create regional governments
  2. Constitution may be written (France) or unwritten (Britain)
  3. No division of powers. All powers are vested in the national government
  4. Constitution may be supreme (Japan) or may not be supreme (Britain)
  5. Constitution may be rigid (France) or flexible (Britain)
  6. Judiciary may be independent or may not be independent
  7. Legislature may be bicameral (Britain) or unicameral (China)

5) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about

1) A federation can be formed by way of integration or by way of disintegration
2) a big unitary state is converted into a federation by granting autonomy to the provinces to promote regional interest
3) The US is the first and the oldest federation in the world.

a) Only 1, 2 and 3
b) Only 1 and 2
c) Only 2 and 3
d) Only 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

a big unitary state is converted into a federation by granting autonomy to the provinces to promote regional interest

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