Indian Polity MCQ Part-19 (laxmikanth Mcq’s)

Current Affairs MCQHistory MCQIndian Polity MCQ


1) Which of the following pair(s) match concerning amending power of the parliament

1) Shankari Prasad Case : Can amend Fundamental RIghts
2) Golaknath case : Cannot amend fundamental rights
3) 24th amendment : Cannot amend FRs
4) Kesavananda Bharti Case: Can amend the FRs*

a) Only 1, 2 and 4
b) Only 1, 3 and 4
c) All of the above
d) Only 1, 2 and 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

  • Keshwananda Bharti Case introduced a new doctrine we call Basic Structure of constitution
  • 1)   Shankari Prasad Case : Can amend Fundamental RIghts
  • 2)   Golaknath case : Cannot amend fundamental rights
  • 3)   24th amendment : Can amend FRs
  • 4)   Kesavananda Bharti Case: Can amend the FRs*

2) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about 42nd Amendment Act of 1976

1) It amended article 368 and declared there is no limitation on constituent power of Parliament
2) No amendment can be questioned in any court on any ground including contravention to FRs which exists even today
3) parliament was given the power to amend by addition, variation or repeal of the provisions of the Constitution

a) Only 1 and 2
b) Only 1 and 3
c) Only 3
d) Only 2 and 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

However, the Supreme Court in the Minerva Mills case (1980) invalidated this provision as it excluded judicial review which is a ‘basic feature’ of the Constitution.

3) Which of the following form basic structure of constitution as per various judgements of Supreme Court

1) Judicial Review
2) Federal character
3) Parliamentary system
4) Freedom and Dignity of individual

a) Only 1, 2 and 3
b) Only 1, 3 and 4
c) All of the above
d) Only 2, 3 and 4

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : C

BASIC STRUCTURE OF CONSTITUTION

Freedom and dignity of the individual
Parliamentary system
Rule of law
Harmony and balance between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
Principle of equality
Free and fair elections

4) Which of the following is known as Fundamental Right Case

a) Kesavananda Bharati Case
b) Minerva Mill Case
c) Shankari Prasad Case
d) Golaknath case

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

5) India follows parliamentary form of government, which is true concerning this

1) Articles 74 and 75 deal with the parliamentary system at the Centre
2) Articles 163 and 164 deals with the parliamentary system in the states.
3) The parliamentary system of government is the one in which the Legislatures are responsible to the Executives

a) Only 1, 2 and 3
b) Only 1 and 2
c) Only 2 and 3
d) Only 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

The parliamentary system of government is the one in which the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts.

The presidential system of government, on the other hand, is one in which the executive is not responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts, and is constitutionally independent of the legislature in respect of its term of office.

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