Giant Leatherback Turtle | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

Giant Leatherback Turtle Current Affairs MCQs 

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Giant Leatherback Turtle:

Relevance: Environment

Context: The Government proposals for tourism and port development in the Andaman and Nicobar (A&N) Islands worried conservationist about the protection for some of the most important nesting populations of the Giant Leatherback turtle in the Indian Ocean.

What’s the news?

  • There is concern by environmentalist that at least three key nesting beaches — two on Little Andaman Island and one on Great Nicobar Island — are under threat due to mega “development” plans announced by the Government.
  • These include NITI Aayog’s ambitious tourism vision for Little Andaman and the proposal for a mega-shipment port at Galathea Bay on Great Nicobar Island.

About Giant Leatherback Turtle:

  • Leatherback are largest of the seven species of sea turtles on the planet and also the most long-ranging
  • They are found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic.
  • They nest only in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean.
  • They are also listed in Schedule I of India’s Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable

About Galathea Bay

  • The Galathea Bay is adjacent to Galathea National Park in Great Nicobar Island.
  • It was earlier proposed as a wildlife sanctuary in 1997 for the protection of turtles and was also the site of a long-term monitoring programme. However, the monitoring was discontinued after the tsunami devastation of 2004.

 


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