First Draft National Policy on Migrant Labour | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

First Draft National Policy on Migrant Labour: Current Affairs 

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First Draft National Policy on Migrant Labour:

Relevance: Society

Context: First Draft National Policy on Migrant Labour prepared by NITI Ayog.

 

What’s the News?

  • It has prepared as a response to the Covid fallout on migrants.
  • The Niti Aayog’s working group has met twice so far. The group includes members from the Ministries of Health, Housing and Urban Affairs, Rural Development, Micro, mall, and Medium Enterprises, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Road Transport and Highways and Labour.
  • It had representatives from Tata Trusts, Centre for Youth and Social Development, Disha Foundation; Aajeevika Bureau; Deendayal Research Institute; Management Sansadhan Evam Maha Vikas Sansthan, International Organisation for Migration, United Nations High Commission for Refugees, UN Habitat and World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • The draft policy calls for a right based approach that taps the migrant’s potential rather than hands-out and cash transfer.
  • A rights based approach is about empowering people to know and claim their rights.
  • The draft also highlighted that programmes such as MGNREGA failed to check out migration.

Key Proposals in the Draft:

  • Mechanisms to “enable voting” so that political inclusion will “enhance accountability of political leadership towards welfare of migrant workers of their respective states.”
  • Ministry of Labour to set up a special unit on migration.
  • Inter-state migration management bodies to cover the nation’s key migration corridors: Uttar Pradesh and Mumbai; Bihar and Delhi; Western Odisha and Andhra Pradesh; Rajasthan and Gujarat, and Odisha and Gujarat.
  • Each state should establish a migrant workers section in their Labour department.
  • Government policies should not hinder but seek to facilitate internal migration.
  • Migrants should be the target of Disaster Risk Reduction (DDR) programmes in urban centres.
  • Access to health and other social protection programmes should be portable across state borders.
  • Skill mapping by using AadhKaarto avail of social security schemes, psycho-social assistance through a national helpline.

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