Congo Declare New Ebola Epidemics | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS

Congo Declare New Ebola Epidemics: Current Affairs 

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Congo Declare New Ebola Epidemics –

Relevance: Health

Context: In June 2020, Democratic Republic of Congo declared a new Ebola epidemic.

What is Ebola Virus?

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.

Ebola Virus was first discovered in 1976 near Ebola river in today’s Democratic Republic of Congo.

 

 

About Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Location – Central Africa.
  • The country has a 40km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Congo was surrounded by 9 countries- Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

The country shares 5 of the famous African Great Lakes on its Eastern Border– Albert, Edward, Kivu, Tanganyika and Mweru.


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