Amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS |
Amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery: Current Affairs
Amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery
Relevance: General Science
Context: A team of researchers from the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) has developed new drug molecules against the protozoa that causes amoebiasis.
What is Amoebiasis?
- Amoebiasis, also known amoebic dysentery, is an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Amoebiasis can be present with no, mild, or severe symptoms. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or bloody diarrhea.
- Amoebiasis infection is most common in tropical areas with untreated water. It spreads through drinking or eating uncooked food, such as fruit, that may have been washed in contaminated local water.
- The parasite lives only in humans and is passed in the feces of an infected person. A person gets amebiasis by putting anything in their mouth that has touched infected feces or by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the parasite.
- It can also be spread sexually by oral-anal contact. Some people with amebiasis may carry the parasite for weeks to years, often without symptoms, continually passing it in their feces.
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