6th May 2021 | UPSC Current Affairs

6th May Current Affairs MCQs

Daily Current Affairs MCQsHistory MCQPolity MCQ Video Series


G20 Tourism ministers meeting

Relevance: International Relations

Context: Union Minister of State for Tourism & Culture participated in G20 Tourism Ministers’ Meeting.

More on News:

  • The Minister appreciated and supported the focus of the Italian G20 Presidency on recovery and ensuring new opportunities for People, Planet and Prosperity by putting in place Guidelines on the seven key interrelated policy areas.
  • These areas are Safe mobility, Crisis management, Resilience, Inclusiveness, Green transformation, Digital transition and Investment and infrastructure which are comprehensive and relevant for resilient, sustainable and inclusive tourism framed with the support of the OECD.
  • The Minister concluded with thanks to the Italian G20 Presidency for its leadership and India will continue its support and cooperation to ensure further progress under Indonesia’s G20 Presidency in 2022.

About G-20:

  • The G20 is the international forum that brings together the world’s major economies. Its members account for more than 80% of world GDP, 75% of global trade and 60% of the population of the planet.
  • It was established in 1999 as a consultation forum between finance
  • ministers and central bank governors of the world’s major economies.
  • Since 2008, it includes a yearly Summit, with the participation of the respective Heads of State and Government.
  • Members: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

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NASA Parker solar probe

Relevance: Space Technology

Context: NASA’s Parker Solar Probe discovers Natural Radio Emission in Venus Atmosphere.

More on News:

  • NASA’s Parker Solar Probedetected a natural radio signal that revealed the spacecraft had flown through the planet’s upper atmosphere.
  • This was the first direct measurement of the Venusian atmosphere in nearly 30 years — and it looks quite different from Venus past.
  • A study published confirms that Venus’ upper atmosphere undergoes tremendous changes over a solar cycle, the Sun’s 11-year activity cycle.
  • The probe was launched in August 2018 on a mission to study the sun.
  • Recently, it was clocked at over 330,000 miles per hour as it passes through the sun’s outer atmosphere.


Kachin People

Relevance: International Relations

Context:  Thousands forced to flee as the Myanmar army bombs Kachin villages.

About Kachin People:

  • An estimated five thousand have been forced to leavetheir villages, seeking shelter from the ongoing attacks in church buildings in Momauk.
  • The Myanmar army – also known as the Tatmadaw – has for many years persecuted the Christian-majorityKachin, Chin, and Karen ethnic groups.
  • Kachin is a tribal people occupying parts of northeastern Myanmar(Burma) and contiguous areas of India (Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland) and China (Yunnan).
  • An estimated 95% of Kachin people are Christians.


E-way bill

Relevance: Economy

Context: E-way bills suggested that GST receipts could see a decline in May.

More on News:

  • Data showed that e-way bills generated for the movement of goods within and across states in April dropped by 31% to 48.9 million from 71 million in March.
  • The e-way bill generation data for April compares with the levels in July and August 2020, when monthly e-way bills generated were below 50 million and the economy was beginning to emerge out of the impact of the nationwide lockdown.

About E-way Bill:

  • EWay Bill is an Electronic Waybill for the movement of goods to be generated on the eWay Bill Portal. 
  • A GST registered person cannot transport goods in a vehicle whose value exceeds 50,000 (Single Invoice/bill/delivery challan) without an e-way bill that is generated on ewaybillgst.gov.in.
  • Alternatively, Eway bill can also be generated or cancelled through SMS, Android App and site-to-site integration through API.
  • When an eway bill is generated, a unique Eway Bill Number (EBN) is allocated and is available to the supplier, recipient, and transporter.


Biodegradable yoga mat

Relevance: Science and Technology

Context:  A biodegradable yoga mat developed by 6 young girls from Assam.

 More on News:

  • This yoga mat may save lakes from the water hyacinth menace.
  • The girls belong to the fishing community living in the fringe of the Deepor Beel, a permanent freshwater lake of Guwahati city.
  • This lake is recognised as a Ramsar Site (a wetland of international importance) and a bird wildlife sanctuary.
  • The innovation by the girls, whose families are directly dependent on the wetland for survival, could contribute significantly towards the environmental conservation and sustainability of Deepor Beel and also ensure local livelihood.
  • The mat called ‘Moorhen Yoga Mat’ will soon be introduced to the world market as a unique product.
  • The mat developed through fibre processing and technological interventions could improve the aquatic ecosystem of the wetland through the removal of water hyacinth.
  • It will help sustainable production of utility products with community engagement and generate livelihood for indigenous communities to become completely ‘Aatmanirbhar’.
  • The intervention was triggered through an initiative by North East Centre For Technology Application and Reach(NECTAR).

About NECTAR:

  • It is an autonomous body under the Department of Science & Technology(DST).
  • The Centre will look at harnessing and leveraging niche frontier technologies available with central scientific departments and institutions.
  • NECTAR will be ensuring applications of appropriate technologies for development in the areas of biodiversity concerns, watershed management, telemedicine, horticulture, infrastructure planning & development through the utilization of local products/resources and associated skill development.


United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Relevance: International Relations

Context: Manipur HC allowed 7 Myanmar refugees to approach UNHCR.

 More on News:

  • The High Court of Manipur on Monday allowed seven Myanmar nationals, who entered India secretly following the February military coup, to travel to New Delhi to seek protection from the UNHCR.
  • Though India is not a party to the UN Refugee Conventions, the court observed that the country is a party to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966. 

 About UNHCR:

  • The office of the UNHCR was created in 1950, during the aftermath of the Second World War, to help millions of Europeans who had fled or lost their homes.
  • In 1954, UNHCR won the Nobel Peace Prize for its groundbreaking work in Europe.
  • UNHCR relies almost entirely on voluntary contributions from governments, the UN and pooled funding mechanisms, intergovernmental institutions and the private sector.

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


PEN API

Relevance: Science and Technology

Context: National Health Authority (NHA) the nodal agency managing the CoWin app has opened up the APIs for vaccine appointments.

What is an API?

  • An application programming interface, or API, is a bridge between two applications. APIs are a set of functions and procedures that allow for the creation of applications that access data and features of other applications, services, or operating systems.

About the Issue

  • An open API refers to a publicly available API that provides developers access to a proprietary software application.
  • The NHA has allowed anyone to access a set of requirements needed to communicate and interact with the CoWin platform. This has enabled developers to build third-party tools that allow users to set alerts for slot availabilities according to various parameters.
  • People can use these third-party tools to enter their details and they will get an alert whenever a slot opens up.

Concerns

  • This move will enable third-party platforms to collect data of users wanting to utilise these services, concerns are also being raised about how this will affect equitable distributions of vaccines in society.
  • A chief issue being raised here is that this will tilt the vaccine availability in favour of those with knowledge of computer programming, or better access to these third-party platforms.

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


R21/Matrix M

Relevance: Science and Technology

Context: R21/Matrix M has been developed by scientists at the University of Oxford, A malaria vaccine candidate has shown promise in phase 2b clinical trials.

About the R21/Matrix M

  • This vaccine is designed to stop the Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite from entering the liver and preventing the subsequent deadly blood stages. It targets the liver stage protein of the Plasmodium falciparum life cycle.
  • The new vaccine candidate, called R21/Matrix M has been in development by Walter Reed Institute of Research, GlaxoSmithKline and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative.
  • This vaccine was produced in the Serum Institute of India.

What is malaria?

  • Malaria remains one of the most dreadful diseases affecting millions of people across the world.
  • It spread through the female Anopheles mosquito and caused by the parasitic protozoans belonging to the genus Plasmodium.
  • The most lethal species is Plasmodium falciparum which if left untreated, may cause organ failures (severe malaria) or may accumulate in the brain (cerebral malaria) causing coma and finally leading to death.
  • Once the parasites are inside your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature. After several days, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect red blood cells.
  • The disease is most prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa. Children under the age of 5 years, pregnant women and travellers to the malaria-prone area are particularly at higher risk of getting malaria.
  • Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through:
  • an organ transplant
  • a transfusion
  • use of shared needles or syringes

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


5G

Relevance: Science and Technology

Context: Department of Telecom approves telecom companies’ applications for 5G trials.

About 5G

  • 5G is the fifth generation of wireless connectivity, which utilizes a higher-frequency band of the wireless spectrum to transfer data. It works on Radio waves. The radio spectrum includes frequencies between 3 kilohertz (kHz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz).
  • 5G is capable of surpassing the 1 Gigabit per second (Gbps) threshold and could even reach 20 Gbps.
  • 5G technology offers an extremely low latency rate (the delay between the sending and receiving information). From 200 milliseconds for 4G, we go down to 1 millisecond (1ms) with 5G.
  • 5G will support all communication needs from low power Local Area Network (LAN) – like home networks, such as Wide Area Networks (WAN), with the right latency/speed settings.
  • 5G is the latest upgrade in the long-term evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks.
  • 5G mainly works in 3 bands, namely low, mid and high-frequency spectrum — all of which have their uses as well as limitations.
  • The low band spectrum has greater coverage and but the low speed of internet and data exchange, the maximum speed is limited to 100 Mbps (Megabits per second).
  • The Mid-band spectrum, on the other hand, offers higher speeds compared to the low band but has limitations in terms of coverage area and penetration of signals.
  • The High-band spectrum offers the highest speed of all three bands, but has extremely limited coverage and signal penetration strength. Internet speeds in the high-band spectrum of 5G have been tested to be as high as 20 Gbps

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


Global Innovation Partnership (GIP).

Relevance: International Relations

Context: Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the Ministry of External Affairs and the United Kingdom on Global Innovation Partnership (GIP).

About GIP

  • GIP will support Indian innovators to scale up their innovations in third world countries thereby helping them explore new markets and become self-sustainable. It will also foster the innovation ecosystem in India.
  • GIP innovations will focus on Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) related sectors thereby assisting recipient countries to achieve their SDGs.
  • Through seed funding, grants, investments and technical assistance, the Partnership will also support Indian entrepreneurs and innovators to test, scale-up and take their innovative development solutions to select other countries. It will start with
  • The innovations selected under GIP would accelerate the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals and benefit the base of the pyramid populations thus promoting equity and inclusivity in recipient countries.
  • GIP will also develop an open and inclusive e-marketplace (E-BAAZAR) for cross border innovation transfer and will focus on results-based impact assessment thereby promoting transparency and accountability.

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


VINCOV-19

Relevance: Science and Technology

Context: VINCOV-19 is cleared for clinical trials.

What is VINCOV-19?

  • VINCOV-19 is a novel therapeutic antibody engineered product, which is a collaborative effort of the University of Hyderabad (UoH), CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology and Vins Bioproducts Ltd.
  • VINCOV-19 is an antibody product obtained after immunisation of horses with inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus in combination with adjuvants. The development of antibodies triggered in the horses is purified and further processed to generate a highly pure antibody fragment-based product Fab2.
  • It has a high neutralising capacity against SARS-CoV-2. Since neutralising antibodies could block the internalisation of SARS-CoV-2 to lung cells, it is postulated that their passive administration should render maximum clinical benefits if they are applied at the early stages of the disease.

About CCMB

  • The Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology (CCMB) is a premier research organization in frontier areas of modern biology.
  • The objectives of the Centre are to conduct high-quality basic research and training in frontier areas of modern biology and promote centralised national facilities for new and modern techniques in the inter-disciplinary areas of biology.
  • It functions under the administrative supervision Ministry of Science and Technology.

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


LaCONES

Relevance: Environment

Context: Eight Asiatic lions test positive for coronavirus in Hyderabad zoo.

About the issue

  • The CCMB carried out a detailed investigation of the samples for genome sequencing to find out if the strain came from human beings or not.
  • The scientist cautioned the officials to take precautions and start medication at the earliest.

About Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES)

  • It is a Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-CCMB (Centre for cellular and molecular biology) lab located in Hyderabad. It is India’s only research facility engaged in the conservation and preservation of wildlife and its resources.
  • Project LaCONES was established in 1998 with the help of
  • of Biotechnology (DBT), Govt. of India
  • Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA), New Delhi
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi
  • Government of Andhra Pradesh.
  • India’s 1st genetic bank for wildlife conservation NWGRB (National Wildlife Genetic Resource Bank) is also established in

 About Asiatic Lions

  • The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo leo) population surviving today only in India. Since the turn of the 20th century, its range is restricted to Gir National Park and the surrounding areas in the Indian state of Gujarat. Historically, it inhabited much of Western Asia and the Middle East to northern India.
  • Asiatic lions and African lions are subspecies of the same species. Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.
  • Conservation Status:
  • Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972
  • CITES- Appendix I
  • IUCN Red List- Endangered

Also Check:

 

6th May Current Affairs MCQ


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