25th November, 2021 | Curret Affairs MCQ | UPSC, PSC, SSC

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25th November 2021 Current Affairs MCQs

Current Affairs MCQHistory MCQPolity MCQ Video Series


1) Which of the following options are correctly matched with their respective regions

1) Atacama Desert – North America
2) Kalahari Desert – Southern Africa
3) Karakum Desert- North Europe

a) Only 1
b) Only 1 and 2
c) Only 2 and 3
d) All of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

  1. Incorrect. The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara-Gum, is a desert in Central Asia.

In news: The Indian Express

In Chile’s dry Atacama desert, stargazers are scanning the clear night skies to detect the existence of life on other planets and study so-called ‘dark energy,’ a mysterious cosmic force thought to be driving the accelerating expansion of the universe.

The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending for 900,000 square kilometres, covering much of Botswana, and parts of Namibia and South Africa. It is not to be confused with the Angolan, Namibian, and South African Namib coastal desert, whose name is of Khoekhoegowab origin and means “vast place”.

The Atacama Desert is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains. The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world, as well as the only true desert to receive less precipitation than the polar deserts and the largest fog desert in the world.

Karakum desert: Covering much of present-day Turkmenistan, the Karakum Desert lies east of the Caspian Sea, with the Aral Sea to the north and the Amu Darya river and the Kyzyl Kum desert to the northeast.


2) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Unicorns in respect to economy

1) It is used to describe a startup company that has a valuation of over $1 billion.
2) Companies such as Amazon, Paytm are considered as an Unicorn

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

1) Correct.  It is used to describe a startup company that has a valuation of over $1 billion.

2) Incorrect. Amazon is not considered a unicorn company, as it is public. When Amazon went public on May 15, 1997, it raised $54 million, which gave it a market cap of $438 million, still well below the key $1 billion mark.

In news: TH

There is an article written on topic of “Over-valued unicorns in a distressed economy”


3) Consider the following statements about Jigyasa programme

1) It is one of the major initiative taken up by CSIR
2) It is a student-scientist connect program in collaboration with Navodaya Vidyalaya

Which of the above is/are correct

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

 1.Correct. “JIGYASA” is one of the major initiative taken up by CSIR at national level, during its Platinum Jubilee Celebration Year.

  1. Incorrect. The programme would be implemented by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in collaboration with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS).

In news:PIB

Union Minister Dr.Jitendra Singh launches India’s first Virtual Science Lab for children under CSIR Jigyasa programme, which will also connect students with scientists across the country

“JIGYASA” is one of the major initiatives taken up by CSIR at national level for further widening and deepening its Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR). On the one hand, this programme would explain the culture of curiousness and scientific nature on the other.

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), has launched a student-scientist connect programme ‘JIGYASA’ in collaboration with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathans (KVS); the sole objective of which is extending the classroom leaning and focusing on a well planned research laboratory based learning.

Student Residential Programmes, scientists as teachers and teachers as scientists, lab specific activities/Onsite Experiments, visits of scientists to Schools/Outreach Programmes, science and maths Clubs, projects of National Children’s Science Congress and tinkering laboratories are some of the activities included under the programme.

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE JIGYASA PROGRAMME

  • ‘JIGYASA’ would inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness on one hand and scientific temper on the other, amongst the school students and their teachers.
  • The program will also enable the students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in projects.
  • The Programme is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually.
  • The focus is on connecting school students and scientists to extend student’s classroom learning with a well planned research laboratory based learning.
  • It will also enable the students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.


4) Rani gaidinliu was associated with which of the following movements ?

a) Gond Raj movement
b) Bhagat movement
c) Heraka Movement
d) Mizo Movement

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : C

Rani Gaidinliu, also known as Rani Maa, Daughter of Hills ,was born on 26 January 1915 in Nungkao village in the Tamenlong district of Manipur. She belonged to the Rongmei tribe of Nagas of Manipur.

At the age of 13 , she joined freedom movement to end the British rule and to protect the Naga culture from the Christian missionaries. Due to this she was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment by the British officials.

After spending 14 years in prison she again revolted against the NNC( Naga National Council ) who wanted a separate nation for the Nagas. Rani Gaidinliu demanded for a separate Zeliangrong territory within the union of India  and started guerrilla warfare against NNC.

To honour the Daughter of Hills the Indian government awarded her a Tamrapatra(given to individuals for their participation in the Indian freedom struggle) in 1972, Padma Bhushan in 1981, Vivekanand Seva award in 1982 and a postal stamp in 1996.

 Pib

Jadonang established a socio-religious movement called Heraka (literally “Pure”), derived from ancestral Naga practices known as “Paupaise”. At a time when Christianity and Vaishnavism of Manipur were trying to make inroads into the Naga territory, Jadonang sought to standardize the traditional Naga belief systems.

Rani Gaidinliu & the Heraka Movement

Haipou Jadonang, who trained Rani Gaidinliu as a warrior, socio-political leader and as a spiritual reformer started the Heraka Movement. Heraka which means Pure was aimed at re-uniting the Naga tibes( Zeliangrong people) to establish self-rule.

Moreover it also focused on reformation of Naga tribal religion. They believed that ritual sacrifices should be avoided or should be completely banned. The principle belief in the Heraka form is the ban on sacrifices and adoption of one god.

Jadonang established a cave temple at Bhuban cave near Bhuban hill. Bhuban cave is important for the Heraka as it is the point from where the reform began during the 1920’s.

Following the Rongmei tradition ,Jadonang established the cave temple in the same belief as the Rogmei tradition suggested that the humans first emerged from a primeval cave.

Jadonang was a visionary man. He was able to unite the Zeliangrong(refers to Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmei Naga tribes which lives in AssamNagalandManipur) people.

He observed that the introduction of mass religious conversion by the British posed a serious threat to indigenous Nagas, and for this reason he was executed by the British in 1931.

After the death of Haipou Jadonang 16 year old Rani Gaidinliu    became the leader of Heraka movement.

The colonial administrators used the white power status and privilege to continuously exploit and suppress the marginalized Nagas. They brought many changes in Zeliangrong religion.

British officials started imposing tax which Manipur people had never paid before. New economic system introduced by the British deeply affected the people. Forest laws were also introduced by declaring restricted forest which prevented the local people to use and consume forest product such as bamboo etc.

People were forced to render free services for repairing and maintenance of government roads, bridges, dams etc.When the Christian missionaries gained significant control on the hills, Rani Gaidinliu turned the religious movement into a struggle for freedom.

One misconception about Rani Gaidinliu’s struggle against the missionaries is that she was against Christianity, however she never opposed Christianity but she was against those who are forcefully converting the Nagas and exploiting their lives.

Gadinliu once said “Loss of religion is the loss of culture , and loss of culture is the loss of identity”

Inspired by Gandhiji and other freedom fighters like Pt. Nehru she started her own Non Cooperation Movement- the no tax campaign.

At the age of only 16, she organized Zeliangrong army to throw British out from their home land. On February 16 1932 ,they attacked Assam Rifles patrol party in North Cachar hills. The Bristish in retaliation burned down several villages in the Naga hills .


5) Which of the following countries have achieved carbon neutrality target

1) Bhutan
2) Suriname
3) Finland

Which of the above is/are correct

a) Only 1 and 2
b) Only 1 and 3
c) Only 3
d) All of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

  • As far as early achievers go, Bhutan and Suriname are the only two countries that have achieved carbon neutrality and are actually carbon negative (removing more carbon than they emit). Uruguay’s 2030 target is the earliest to try and match that feat, followed by Europe’s Finland, Austria, Iceland, Germany, and Sweden, who are all targeting 2045 or earlier.In news:BSUnion Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari  has said we all must be aligned with the commitment made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the COP-26 summit to achieve the target of net-zero emissions or a carbon-neutral country by 2070.

Over 90%, or 124 of the 137 countries tracked above, set a target of 2050 for reaching carbon neutrality. This is largely due to membership in the Carbon Neutrality Coalition, which asks member states to target 2050 for their goal but leaves commitment up to them.

Only five countries have net zero pledges set for after 2050, including Australia and Singapore, which haven’t set a firm target yet. Targeting 2060, in addition to Ukraine and Kazakhstan, is the world’s largest emitter, China. The country’s recent pledge is significant, since China accounts for an estimated 25% of global emissions.

In fact, according to the Climate Action Tracker, 73% of global emissions are currently covered by net zero targets.


6) Recently Which of the following state has allowed sale of Mahua as a ‘liquor heritage’ as per its new excise policy ?

a) Goa
b) Bihar
c) Madhya pradesh
d) Orrissa

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : C

In news:

Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on Monday announced that a new excise policy will legalise liquor made out of mahua and it will be sold as “heritage liquor”.

Speaking at Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas in Mandla on Monday, chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan said, “The government is devising an excise policy under which if anyone makes liquor made of Mahua in a traditional way, it will not be illegal anymore. It will be sold in the liquor shops with the name of Heritage liquor which would be a source of employment and income for the tribal people who have been making and consuming it.”


7) Which of the following statement(s) is/are NOT CORRECT about NITI Aayog’s Sustainable Development Goals Urban Index.

1) Indore topped the first Sustainable Development Goals Urban Index
2) As per the SDGs Urban Index, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, was at the bottom of the list
3) It has been jointly developed by NITI Ayog, Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and German development agency GIZ

a) Only 2
b) Only 1 and 2
c) Only 1
d) All of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : C

1.incorrect. Shimla topped the first Sustainable Development Goals Urban Index released by NITI Aayog

2.Correct.As per the SDGs Urban Index, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, was at the bottom of the list

3.Correct. It has been jointly developed by NITI Ayog, Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and German development agency GIZ

In news: The Mint

Shimla Tops NITI’s 1st Sustainable Development Goal Index, Dhanbad Worst Among 56 Cities

Shimla topped the first Sustainable Development Goals Urban Index released by NITI Aayog on Tuesday.

The Centre’s public policy think tank assessed urban local bodies (ULBs) across 56 cities on 77 SDG indicators; the exercise was aimed at localising SDGs and ensuring their efficient monitoring at city level, .

As per the SDGs Urban Index, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, was at the bottom of the list, while the national capital stood 20th along with Raipur (Chhattisgarh).

Nagpur, Pune, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad, Coimbatore are among the top 10 urban centres in terms of implementation of SDGs. While Chennai and Bengaluru were ranked 11th and 13th respectively, Mumbai was 33rd position and Kolkata was among the bottom 10 cities at 48th position.

“Cities are fast becoming engines of growth. The SDG Urban index and dashboard, a product of innovative partnership between NITI Aayog and GIZ, will go a long way in instituting a robust SDG monitoring system in our cities, and is a milestone step in our SDG localisation journey,” Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog said during the launch of SDG urban Index dashboard. A detailed report on the same will be released next month, said a NITI Aayog official.

The 56 ULBs have been assessed on 77 indicators covering parameters such as poverty reduction, health, education, women empowerment, water and sanitation, clean energy, and economic growth.

Out of 56 urban units, 44 have a population of above one million and the remaining 12 are capital cities with a population less than a million.

The sustainable development goals per SDGs are 17 goals aimed to “achieve a better and more sustainable future for all” that were created by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. The aim is to achieve them by 2030.

The index has been prepared by NITI Aayog-GIZ and BMZ , under the umbrella of Indo-German Development Cooperation, said NITI Aayog officials.

NITI Aayog officials said this is an attempt to push cities towards data-driven decision making.

Sanyukta Samaddar, Nodal Officer (SDG) at NITI Aayog said: “NITI Aayog seeks to empower local administrations to adopt a measurement-based approach to decision making. Only if the SDG agenda is adopted by last-mile stakeholders can we hope to achieve the global 2030 Agenda. The SDG is one more step towards localising SDGs further.”

According to the index, 55 out of 56 urban areas assessed under SDG 2 (Zero hunger) have 25% anaemia prevalence among women aged 15-49 years and 96.4% of urban areas have pupil-teacher ratio at the secondary level of less than 30 in the assessed cities.


8) Consider the following statements Unified Payment Interface (UPI)

1) It was developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and IBA (Indian Bank Association).
2) It is a mobile wallet app like BHIM app

Which of the above is/are correct

a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

  1. correct. It was developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and IBA (Indian Bank Association).
  2. Incorrect. UPI is a platform whereas BHIM is a separate mobile wallet app

In news: TOI

Bhopal: Cyber-fraudster steals Rs 97,129 from youth’s UPI linked payment wallet

The UPI interface is based on the authentication of 2 factors. This is in line with the regulatory guidelines making it very safe. 2-factor authentication is very much similar to One Time Password (OTP). UPI transfer will happen in a highly encrypted format as per experts. However, in the mid of 2019, there were around 150 fraud cases linked with UPI. Hence one needs to understand that technology evolves every day at a rapid pace, although the payment methods would be largely secure, there will be scope for loopholes which could be misused by criminals. Hence people can safely use technology related to financial services but also exercise caution as no technology on earth is completely foolproof.

UPI stands for Unified Payment Interface. It is a real-time payment system that helps in instant and quick transfer of funds between two bank accounts. The transfer of funds is done through a single mobile application. Some of the important features of UPI are listed below.

1.Immediate fund transfer which is faster than NEFT.

2.UPI is available for 24 hours

3.It is also available on public holidays

4.Every Bank provides its own UPI for different mobile platforms like Android, IOS.

5.It can be utilized for making payments to merchants, and utility bill payments.

6.Any complaint can be raised from Mobile App directly.


9) Papi konda National Park is situated in which of the following region ?

a) Andhra Pradesh
b) Karnataka
c) Tamil Nadu
d) Kerala

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

Papikonda National Park is a national park in India, located near Rajamahendravaram in the Papi Hills of the East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh

 In news:

The estimation of the tiger population has begun in the Papikondalu National Park forest area of twin districts of Godavari

Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1978. It was upgraded to a national park in 2008


10) Which of the following important cities are correctly matched with their respective countries?

1. Dushanbe: Tajikistan
2. Ashgabat: Uzbekistan
3. Alma-Ata: Kazakhstan
4. Bishkek: Kyrgyzstan

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

(a) 1, 3 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

Ashgabat is in Turkmenistan.


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