25th March, 2021 | Current Affairs MCQ 8pm | UPSC, PSC, SSC

25th March Current Affairs MCQs 

Current Affairs MCQHistory MCQPolity MCQ Video Series


1) Consider the following statements with reference to the Project Mausam:

1) The project has been launched by the Ministry of Earth Science.
2) The objective of the project is to inscribe places and sites identified as a trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: The scheme has been launched by the Ministry of Culture. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the nodal agency for the implementation of the project. Other than this, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum provides research support to the scheme.
  • Statement 2 is correct: The main objective of the project is to inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as a trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. A total of 39 countries have been identified to be brought on board for Tran-National Nomination for World Heritage.

Why in News?

Ministry of Culture has informed the Lok Sabha that the Project Mausam has been extended up to 31st March 2023.


2) Consider the following statements about the Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana (PMKSY):

1) The scheme has been launched in 2017 by the Ministry of Agriculture.
2) The objective of PMKSY is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: The scheme has been launched in 2017 by the Ministry of Food processing industries (MoFPI).
  • Statement 2 is correct. The objective of PMKSY is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste. It is an umbrella scheme incorporating ongoing schemes of the Ministry like Mega Food Parks, Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure, etc.

Why in News?

The Ministry of Food processing industries (MoFPI) has informed the Lok Sabha about the progress of PMKSY.


3) With reference to the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), consider the following statements:

1) The mission has been launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
2) It aims to provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to the rural population.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : D

Explanation:

    • Statement 1 is correct: The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in
    • Statement 2 is correct: It aims to provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable groups.

    Why in News?

    • The Union Cabinet has apprised on the progress under the National Health Mission (NHM) during FY 2019-20.
    • NRHM is a sub-component of


4) Consider the following statements with reference to the National Health Protection Scheme.

1) The scheme aims to provide a benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per individual per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization to poor and vulnerable families.
2) The beneficiaries are decided based on the Social Economic Caste Census (SECC) database.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect. It aims to provide free access to healthcare to 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries). It will have a defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. The benefits of the scheme are portable across the country and a beneficiary covered under the scheme will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public/private empanelled hospitals across the country.
  • Statement 2 is correct: Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission will be an entitlement-based scheme with entitlement decided based on deprivation criteria in the Social Economic Caste Census database (SECC). In partnership with , a robust, modular, scalable and interoperable IT platform will be made operational which will entail a paperless, cashless transaction. It has subsumed the on-going centrally sponsored schemes – Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS)

Why in News?

  • The Union Cabinet has apprised on the progress under the National Health Mission (NHM) during FY 2019-20.
  • Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched in 2018 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • It is one of the components of
  • It is an umbrella of two major health initiatives, namely Health and Wellness Centres and the National Health Protection Scheme.


5) Recently, India has approved a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) in the field of Water Resources with which of the following countries?

a) New Zealand
b) Australia
d) Japan
d) South Korea

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : C

Explanation:

    • India has approved a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) in the field of Water Resources with Japan.
    • This MoC was signed for the development of long-term cooperation in the field of Water and Delta management, and Water technology.
    • The objective of the MoC is to increase the exchange of information, knowledge, technology and scientific allied experience, as well as the implementation of joint projects between the two countries.

    Why in News?

    • The Union Cabinet approved the Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) signed between India and Japan in the field of Water Resources.


6) The term ‘PRANIT’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of

a) Supercomputer
b) Anti-Tank guided missile
c) Ballistic Missile
d) e-Tendering Portal

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : D

Explanation:

  • It is an e-Tendering Portal that will lead to less paperwork and ease of operation, making the tendering process more transparent.
  • It has been certified by the Standardisation, Testing and Quality Certification Directorate (STQC) of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

Why in News?

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has launched an e-Tendering Portal-PRANIT.


7) Consider the following statements with reference to Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act (MMDR Act).

1. This act applies to all minerals that are found in the country.
2. Mining minor minerals come under the purview of the central government.
3. For mining and prospecting in forest land, prior permission is needed from the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Which of the following statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
a) 1,2 and 3 only
b) None of them

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : A

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act (1957) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to regulate the mining sector in India. This act applies to all minerals except minor minerals and atomic minerals.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: Mining minor minerals comes under the purview of state governments.
  • Statement 3 is correct: River sand is considered a minor mineral. For mining and prospecting in forest land, prior permission is needed from the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

 Why in News?

  • The Lok Sabha passed a Bill to amend the Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act (MMDR Act).


8) Consider the following statements with reference to National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill 2021:

1. The bill aims to support short-term investments in India, especially for infrastructural projects.
2. The financial objective of the institution shall be to lend or invest, directly or indirectly, and seek to attract investments.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : B

Explanation:

    • Statement 1 is incorrect: This Bill will establish the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development to support the development of long-term non-recourse infrastructure financing in India, including the development of the bonds and derivatives markets necessary for infrastructure financing and to carry on the business of financing infrastructure.
    • Statement 2 is correct: The financial objective of the institution shall be to lend or invest, directly or indirectly, and seek to attract investments from private sector investors and institutional investors, in infrastructure projects located in or outside India. Why in News?
    • The Union government tabled the National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill 2021 in Lok Sabha.


9) Consider the following statements with reference to modern Indian History:

1. Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), started by Sachindranath Sanyal
2. HRA believed in the philosophy of the Bomb.
3. Bhagat Singh was the founder of Naujawan Bharat sabha.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct:

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : D

Explanation:

    • All the given statements are correct: Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), started by Sachindranath Sanyal. It was as a member of the HRA that Bhagat Singh began to take seriously the philosophy of the Bomb. In 1925, Bhagat Singh returned to Lahore and within the next year, he and his colleagues started a militant youth organization called the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.

    Why in News?

    • Shahid Diwas or Martyrs’ Day is observed on March 23rd every year to remember the sacrifice of brave freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Raj guru for the nation.

 

 


10) Consider the following statements with reference to the Indus water treaty?

1. It is a treaty brokered by the World Bank between India and Bangladesh.
2. According to the treaty, India can use up to 50% of its Indus water for irrigation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Click for Answer

Correct Answer is : D

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: It is a treaty brokered by the World Bank and signed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan’s President Ayub Khan which administers how the waters of the Indus and its tributaries flow in both the countries will be utilized.
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: since Indus flows from India, the country is allowed to use 20 percent of its water for irrigation, power generation, and transport purposes.

Why in News?

  • A meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission between India and Pakistan is being held in Delhi


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