22nd November UPSC Current Affairs

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G-20 summit opens as Saudi King urges united response to virus

  • Saudi Arabia’s King Salman opened on Saturday the Group of 20 summit as the coronavirus pandemic overshadows this year’s gathering of heads of state, transforming it from an in-person two-day meeting of the world’s most powerful leaders to a virtual gathering of speeches and declarations.
  • The G-20’s member-countries represent around 85% of the world’s economic output and three-quarters of international trade.
What is G20?
  • The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
G20 Members
  • The members of the G20 are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.

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Parliamentary panel bats for laws to counter bio-terrorism

Why in News?
  • Formulating effective laws to counter bio-terrorism is one of the important lessons to be learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic, a Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health has said in a report, “The Outbreak of Pandemic COVID-19 And its Management.”
  • The report said low testing and shoddy contact tracing were responsible for the spike in cases.
Bioterrorism or Biological Attack:
  • It is the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock or crops.

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UN award for Bhutan’s Queen Mother

Why in News?
  • In a first for the Himalayan Kingdom, and a rare honour in the sub-continent, Bhutan’s Queen Mother Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck has been awarded the United Nations Population Award in the individual category for 2020 for her work on sexual health and ending gender violence.
  • Each year, the Committee for the United Nations Population Award honours an individual and/or institution in recognition of outstanding contributions to population and reproductive health questions and to their solutions.
  • The Award was established by the General Assembly in 1981, in resolution 36/201, and was first presented in 1983. It consists of a gold medal, a diploma and a monetary prize.
  •  The Committee for the United Nations Population Award is comprised of 10 UN Member States, with United Nations Secretary-General and UNFPA Executive Director serving as ex-officio members.

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Odisha’s Bonda tribe sees rise in ‘distress migration’

Why in News?
  • The Bondas, a particularly vulnerable tribal group, known for their secluded lives away from the mainstream.
  • However, the lack of access has not prevented young Bondas from being forced leave their pristine hamlets for low-paid jobs in distant towns of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and States even farther. The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic appears to have quickened the ‘distress’ migration.
  • Bondas are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) found in Odisha.
  • There is a total of 75 PVTGs in India.
  • The Bondas have retained their identity and culture despite external interventions over the years.
  • Primarily forest dwellers, the Bondas used to hunt and forage for food in the wild.
  • Matriarchal society-The women prefer to marry men who are younger by at least 5-10 years, so that the men can earn for them when they grow old.

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