15th November UPSC Current Affairs
Assam’s Border Dispute shifted to NagalandWhy in news? Assam-Mizoram border disputes were in the news few days back and after a semblance of normalcy on Assam Mizoram border, five Assamis based organization belongs to Karbi Anglong district have threatened to impose an economic blockade against Nagaland. Key Points:
- Lotha and Tangkhul tribal people of Nagaland have been encroaching upon areas inside the Daldali Forest Reserve in Karbi Anglong district, Assam.
- These tribal groups are supported by the Nagaland Administration.
- They are demanding if the Assam and Nagaland government do not meet to resolve the border issue then they will enforce the blockade.
- Forest officials also have raised their concern over encroachment by people of Nagaland by removing pillars demarcating the 512.1km border between the two states.
What is Assam-Mizoram Border dispute? Current reason behind disputes: Few days back the residents of Lailapur village in Assam’s chachar district clashed with the residents of Mizoram live in Kolasib district.
- Due to this clash Assam-Border witnessed firing over a disputed territory which led a long standing inter-state boundary tussle between the Assam and Mizoram.
- Mizoram’s people blamed ‘illegal Bangladeshis’ migration from Assam side.
- Border issues between the Assam and Mizoram is not new but it is carrying on from the days back to the colonial era when the inner lines were demarcated according to the administrative needs of British rule.
- Even after the states created in Independent India the issues could not dilute and as aresults both states continue to have a differing perception.
- Mizoram was granted a status of states in 1987 under the State Mizoram Act 1986
- And Assam was formed in 1950 and due to emergence of new states from its territory, it lost much of its territory to new states between 1960s to 1970s.
- The roots of the disputes originates from the year 1875 when a notification that differentiated Lushai Hills from the Chachar of Assam and in this sequence another notification of 1933 that demarcates a boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur.
- During the time of British rule the Mizoram was known as Lushai Hills a district of Assam.
- Mizoram does not believe in boundary demarcation on the basis of notification of 1933 instead Mizoram demand boundary should be demarcated on the basis of notification of 1875 which is derived from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act 1873.
- While Assam government follows the boundary demarcation notification of 1933 which is the main point of tussle.
New Species of Vine snakesWhy in news? A team of researchers from the Centre for Ecological Sciences (CES), Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have discovered new species of vine snakes. Important points:
- The researchers team have collected morphological data, tissues samples and specimens to understands the patterns of distribution and diversification of vine snakes.
- As per the researchers, the vine snakes are known to be among the most common snakes in peninsular India found even in many peri-urban areas and in the Western Ghats.
- Asian Vine snakes distributed throughout the continents and they are belongs to the genus Ahaetulla and the recently described as Prohaetulla
- Common green vine snakes (Ahaetulla nasuta) in India is complex of several species.
- Northern Western Ghats vine snakes which is named as Ahaetulla borealis
- Fransworth’s vine snakes (Ahaetulla fransworthi)
- Malabar vine snake (Ahaetulla malabarica)
- Wall’s vine snake (Ahaetulla isabellina)
- These species of snakes found in the Western Ghats rainforests alone.
- These species of snakes are superficially similar in their morphology but separated by geographic or ecological barriers.
QRSAM: Quick Reaction Surface to Air MissilWhy in news? India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation, DRDO has tested QRSAM missle which achieved success in a direct hit pilotless target aircraft at medium range and altitude. Important facts:
- The launch was taken place from the Integrated Test Range at chandipur off the Odisha coast.
- QRSAM is an Indigenous missile system.
- Weapon system of QRSAM have been manufactured through public sector company BEL, Bharat Dynamic Limited, BDL and through a private palyer L&T.
- Missile system has active radio frequency seekers
- Electro-mechanical actuation system
- QRSAM is a Surface to air missile primarily designed to shield moving armoured columns of the Army energy aerial attacks.
- Range: 25km to 30km
Bru Migrants ST residence certificatesWhy in news? As Tripura prepares to resettle Bru migrants, an umbrella organsiation of the displaced community has sought immediate issuance of Scheduled Tribe and Permanent residence certificates as a formal recognitions of their domicile status. Important Facts:
- Bru Migrants originally belongs to Mizoram and they migrated to Tripura since 1997.
- The Brus have been lodged in a relief camps of North Tripura since 1997.
- In the month of January Centre had signed an agreement with Tripura to resolve the crisis of resettlement.
- In order to resettlement of Brus the central government announced a Rs. 600 crore package for over 33000 migrants.
- Mizoram Bru displaced peoples Forum (MIBDPF) in a letter to Tripura demanded issuance of ST and permanent certificates for the Brus.
- In September Tripura government had approved 15 spots for resettling the Bru migrants after a series of discussion.
- While some of the rehabilitation spots are still contested either by the migrants or the local residents.
- The Bru community leader has proposed few spots under the discussion.
- Kanchanpur Magarik Suraksha Mancha and Mizo Convention the two local ethnic forums of North Tripura are against the resettlement of Brus.
Northeast Monsoons shows sign of revivalWhy in news? As per the Indian Metrological Department have warned of heavy rain accompanied by thunder and lightning across Tamil Nadu and the rest of south Indian states. Imprtant facts:
- This year the southwest monsoon withdrawal was late and after delayed onset followed by subdued activity, the northeast monsoon has finally shown some signs of revival over the southern peninsula of India, which is a relief for Tamil Nadu.
- Two consecutive streams of easterly winds have turned the winter monsoon active.
- Hence the keeping in eyes about the rain the IMD has warned peninsular Indian states that heavy rainfall is possible till 18th November.
- A trough in easterlies in lower level is likely to affect the southern peninsula.
- The middle of this week monsoon activity had picked up inparts of Karnatka Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu since these states had not received any significant rain since October 28 when the northeast monsoon arrived over the peninsula.
- More than any other states rainfall associated with the Northeast monsoon is crucial for Tamil Nadu which receives approximately 70 per cent of its annual rainfall between October and December.
- Northeast monsoon is important for Tamil Nadu because the Southwest monsoon does not rain on the Tamil Nadu.
- Tamil Nadu receives rainfall due to Monsoon retreat behavior of the Indian monsoon.
- From October 1 to November 12 the peninsular region has experienced lesser rainfall and remained Lakshadweep with 37 per cent of rainfall remained the most rain deficient in the Peninsula.
- La Nina literlally translated as a little girl in Spanish. Under this condition the water temperature in the Eastern Pacific gets colder than normal.
- As a result a strong high pressure created over the eastern equatorial pacific ocean and in contrary low pressure emerges over the western pacific ocean and in Asian countries coast
- There is drought condition along the Peru coast and Ecuador coast.
- Due to La Nina the possibility of good monsoon creates in India and beneficial for the Indian monsoon.